آشنایی با اساتیر ملل(انگلیسی)

در اين بخش مي‌توانيد در مورد کليه‌ي مباحث مرتبط با تاريخ، فرهنگ و تمدن به بحث بپردازيد

مدیران انجمن: رونین, شوراي نظارت

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تاریخ عضویت: پنج شنبه 16 آبان 1387, 8:28 pm
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Re: آشنایی با اساتیر ملل(انگلیسی)

پست توسط Mardaviz » جمعه 29 فروردین 1393, 11:22 am

 Queen Marie Stuart of Scotland and France

The CHATELARD Rape - February 1563

Pierre Chatelard was a French Huguenot poet who had originally traveled with Queen Marie's/MQS court to Scotland in 1561. For some reason he left and returned to France. In late 1562 Chatlelard returned to Scotland and sought MQS' court then in Aberdeen. The second week of February 1563 he was discovered by some guards to be waiting beneath MQS's bed. The guards were sweeping the room before MQS retired and found Chatelard hidden in the dark, ready with a sword and a dagger

Protestant-Huguenot Chatelard claimed he was there hiding under her bed armed with instruments of death, because he was 'in love' with Queen Marie. The Queen pardoned him, but two days later he burst into her chamber and physically attacked her while she was undressing for bed. He was sent to trial, convicted of treason and executed

Lord Maitland recorded that Chatelard had confessed to Queen Marie that he-Chatelard had been sent by high ranking officials in France to attack her. MQS had been given specific names. Chatelard was known to be attached to Constable Montmorency of Damville, who was later known to be a leader like his cousin Admiral Coligny, of the Protestant Huguenot rebellion in France. However MQS did not give the specific names to Maitland of those Chatelard charged as his employers for the rape or murder

.About the same time in February 1563 as the Chatelard attacks on MQS, her uncle Francis, the Duke of Guise was assassinated by a Huguenot in Orleans

Source "MQS" by Fraser, p.  
Work hard in silence
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Captain
Captain
نمایه کاربر
پست: 934
تاریخ عضویت: پنج شنبه 16 آبان 1387, 8:28 pm
سپاس‌های ارسالی: 1043 بار
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Re: آشنایی با اساتیر ملل(انگلیسی)

پست توسط Mardaviz » دو شنبه 1 اردیبهشت 1393, 1:17 am

 The Rosicrucian Manifestoes 17th century

The three Rosicrucian Manifestoes, Fama fraternitatis, Confessio fraternitatis and Chymische Hochzeit, published in the years 1614-1616, proposed a general reformation of society on all levels, social, spiritual, scientific and artistic. The Rosicrucian Brotherhood which addressed its reform proposals to all the learned men of Europe, triggered a considerable response not only in the German lands, but also in other European countries. The appeal for reform obviously struck a chord: many readers, like the authors of the Rosicrucian Manifestoes, were disappointed in the Lutheran and Calvinist reformations, the Catholic Counter-reformation, being deeply convinced that Christianity should be about living a true Christian life, in daily practice. The Rosicrucian Manifestoes also advocated actual practice and innovative research into nature as part of an authentic exploration of nature as the work of God – the Fama fraternitatis explicitly referred for that reason to the ‘Vocabulario’ of Theophrastus Paracelsus of Hohenheim. Physicians who valued experimental experience above the authority of Aristotle or Galen, were also among the enthusiastic readers of the Rosicrucian Manifestoes. The intense polemic following the publication of the Rosicrucian Manifestoes produced a flood of responses, pro and contra, which issued from the presses between   [لینک خارجی برای کاربران مهمان مخفی است، لطفا برای مشاهده لینک ثبت نام نموده و یا وارد سایت شوید] 
Work hard in silence
Let your success
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Captain
Captain
نمایه کاربر
پست: 934
تاریخ عضویت: پنج شنبه 16 آبان 1387, 8:28 pm
سپاس‌های ارسالی: 1043 بار
سپاس‌های دریافتی: 3151 بار

Re: آشنایی با اساتیر ملل(انگلیسی)

پست توسط Mardaviz » دو شنبه 1 اردیبهشت 1393, 1:20 am

[لینک خارجی برای کاربران مهمان مخفی است، لطفا برای مشاهده لینک ثبت نام نموده و یا وارد سایت شوید]
Work hard in silence
Let your success
Be your noise

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