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در اين بخش مي‌توانيد در مورد کليه مباحث مرتبط با زبان انگليسي به بحث بپردازيد

مدیر انجمن: شوراي نظارت

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Monday, September 24, 2007
Polish Jesuits, Missionaries To Iran


During the eighteen century the Catholic clergy started to propagate the faith and they dispatched a group of Karemili and Jesuit missionaries to Iran. The most important missionary sent from Poland was Tadeusz Juda Krusinski whose sojourn in Isfahan coincided with the last days of declining Sultan Hussein of the Safavid Dynasty. He expired in the year 1756 in a town called Nietak at the age of 81. The Polish priest has left behind several books of which the most important is his treatise on the last revolution in Iran.

Read the complete and interesting article (here)
Catholics in Iran for two thousand years (here)
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The Impact of Iranian Culture and Language in Poland


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By : Nassrollah Bayat
Name-e-farsi, Monthly Magazine, Vol. 1,

(Translated from Persian)

No. 2, Dec. 1996, Page 115-120





Abstract: Some chronologists believe Iranians to be the ancestors of the Polish nation of today. Serious diplomatic ties between Iran and Poland started in the eighteenth century and several large institutions for Oriental studies are active in that country. The following report makes a cursory examination of the effect of Iranian culture and language in Poland.




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A long time ago this country was called the Republic of People of Poland. Its name in the native dialect was Poloni or Poleska. According to mythological narrations a tribe was living in present Poland about a thousand years ago called Lah (1). During the domination of eastern Europe by the Ottoman empire the Turks, imitating their eastern neighbor, called that country Poland but the native tribesmen continued to call themselves Polona or Polni.

According to historiographers not long time ago different tribes and ethnic groups immigrated from Asia and settled in Poland among which the most important tribe was the Qarayeem tribe. With a one thousand and two hundred years of history, these were one of the branches of Jewish sect who followed the Talmud branch of the Torah as their religions commandment. Earlier Qarayeems were living within the Iranian and Byzantine territories and during the course of history they gradually immigrated to Crimean and Balkan Peninsula, Poland Lithuania (2).

Due to its suitable climate the Qarayeems became residents of European lands and compared with their Asian kinds they were better advanced in civilization and culture. Several historiographers such as Herodotus, believe that Qarayeems, who were in fact the ancestors of the Polish nation, were Iranians by origin. This Greek chronograph maintained that Sarmats (3) were also a branch of Qarayeems. According to the Polish researches and sociologist scientists, at the end of the sixteenth century the costume of the Polish people resembled the costumes of the old tribesmen in Asia and for a long time the dress of their elite and royal dignitaries resembled that of Safavid and Ottoman royal personalities.

Undoubtedly, the Iranians possessed a very rich culture and art from ancient times and this great wealth was gradually transferred to eastern and western nations and tribes. The Polish language, a branch of the Slav dialect, is of Indo-Iranian origin. The Poles have 28 letters in their language but with very difficult combinations. The language of that people is a mixture of Russian and German. German has gradually influenced the Russian origin and a lot of Poles can converse in both languages nowadays.

>From the point of view of religious beliefs 95 percent of people in Poland are Catholics, and the remaining five percent are Protestants, Muslims, Jews, etc. During the eighteen century the Catholic clergy started to propagate this faith in Poland and they dispatched a group of Karemili and Jesuit missionaries to Iran. The most important missionary sent from Poland was Tadeusz Juda Krusinski (4) whose sojourn in Isfahan coincided with the last days of declining Sultan Hussein of the Safavid Dynasty. He expired in the year 1756 in a town called Nietak at the age of 81 (5).

The Polish priest has left behind several books of which the most important is his treatise on the last revolution in Iran.

The Polish Muslims are descended from Tartars and are of the Hanafi sect. They have built several mosques in Poland of which the Gdansk Mosque is the most celebrated. Muslim clerics are teaching religious subjects and Shari'ah in these mosques and spiritual religion and beliefs have very much impact on the art and culture of Poland.

The impact of the opinion of this nation is evident in their buildings and structures and the architectural styles and patterns adopted during their different historical dynasties. From the point of view of images and paintings and different statues, their churches carry different plaster works, columns, column heads and ornaments and valuable articles as decoration which are considered by themselves as rich museums and are very attractive. There are many temples in Poland which are rich with ornamental objects and enchanting images displaying a world of beauty and even the pictures exhibit much magnificence and glory on the columns and head columns of their edifices.

The combination of the stones (the images and paintings of facing stone and inside adornments) are a mixture of strength and delicacy. In temples special copper boxes have survived which have been fabricated by special tenderness and artistry that proves stone and metal prevailed in the Polish history to symbolize the power of their commanders and chieftains during their domination of the eastern European nations.

Iranology in Poland

In Poland large and magnificent institutions for Oriental studies with long and brilliant records of such ventures are stationed in Warsaw and Krakow, and these institutions have long since been active in research works.

In a university of Oriental studies called Jagloonia in Krakow, housed in a giant building, professors are instructing different Asiatic language specially the Persian language. In these classes a remarkable number of students are studying the Persian language and at times they are debating, studying and researching various etymologies and linguistics and are comparing Western and Eastern languages.

Interpress Agency in Poland published several pamphlets in 1966 in this connection. These articles, gathered in a collection, were published in the Persian language and they deal with the cultural relations between Iran and Poland particularly with regard to Iranology in Poland. In one of these epistles we note the following:

"From the fifteen century until eighteen century, Poland was active in dispatching different religious, commercial and diplomatic delegations to Iran. More than 504 years has passed since Poland and Iran first established diplomatic ties with one another and the first delegation which traveled to the court of Poland was sent by the government of Iran during the reign of Oozoon Hassan Aq-Qoyunlu in the year 1474.

"The historical records of diplomatic relations between Tehran and Warsaw shows that Jaglooni, the Polish king, who was contemporary with the strong Safavid monarch Shah Abbas the First, established the Jaglooni University in Poland and from the start the university was called after that king's name. From the date of its establishment, the works of renowned Iranian scholars particularly that of Abu Sina were taught in the university. As a result of this valuable undertaking by King Jaglooni, from the beginning of the operation of Jaglooni University, the Iranian science, art and culture was widely welcomed by the students and scholars in Poland.

"In 1606 Samuel Atojenuvski, the translator of the Polish royal court, was the first scholar that translated Saadi's Golestan into Polish language. Since then the sweet Persian language and literature was widely spread in Poland and the divans of Hafiz, Ferdowsi's Shahnameh and the outstanding works of Iranian scientists, philosophers, scholars and poets were translated and published into Polish language (6). Since 1820 the department for instruction and promotion of the Persian language and literature was inaugurated and since its inception this cultural and scientific organization has taught the Persian language and literature and European researchers have become familiarized with Ferdowsi's Shahnameh and the poetry of Mowlana Jalaluddin Molavi Balkhi, the mystic and divine lyrics of Hafiz and many other Iranian poets, orators and scholars (7).

"During the period between the two world wars in Europe, the Jaglooni Cultural Institute gained more strength and as a result of such invigoration, a series of cultural, literary and artistic exhibitions were held and outstanding Polish linguists and Iranologist researchers such as Gavronski, Lanjlibiki and Kovalksi were instrumental in the propagation of Iranian civilization and culture and they have rendered outstanding services towards that end. It was due to the efforts of these outstanding Iranologist scholars that the Krakow and Warsaw universities opened a Persian literature and language branch and a number of young linguists started to teach Persian in that branch. Pursuant to that effort, the rich Iranian culture, art and literature served as an inspiration fountain for the Polish cultural and artistic pioneers." (8) Adam Miskovich (9), the able and talented Polish poet who was completely familiar with the Persian language and literature and was speaking fluent Farsi, was personally teaching the Persian language and literature to the Polish students. With such engagements, Miskovich wanted to plunge into the unbounded ocean of ancient Persian culture and literature and to drink deeply from that wholesome fountain. Eventually and inspired by this divine fountain of art, Miskovich created a living and eternal literary work called "The Satan and the Ahuramazda" which is considered a very famous book on religious topics among the major poets of Europe (10).


After the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Socialist Republic of Poland was one of the first nations that recognized the provisional government of the Islamic Revolution and established friendly ties with the Islamic Republic. Since then the senior officials of Poland have repeatedly praised the anti-imperialistic stances of the IRI and this has further ameliorated relations between Tehran and Warsaw (11).

The majority of Polish researchers, scholars and students have studied or made scientific, artistic and literary research in scientific and research centers in Iranian academies and some have closely witnessed the chronology of the Revolution (12). A number of Polish researchers such as Eskelavatek have examined the political, social and ancient historical subjects of the Iranian history individually and in a scattered manner. Eskelavatek was a researcher from Warsaw University who studied the political, religions and economic history of Iran after the Islamic Republic (13).

Hanozinski is one of the historiographers and scientists of Pozhnan University who has made extensive studies on the history of the different Islamic sects. Kaposinski, another outstanding Polish scholar, has written a very interesting and valuable book in 1982 about the Islamic Revolution where he studies and elaborates the Revolution and its roots. In that book the Polish scholar is examining, discussing and sagaciously analyzing and portraying the glorious features of the Islamic Revolution from the various perspectives for the information of the Europeans. Besides, this book supplies useful and comprehensive information about Iran's history and its relation with Poland from the oldest time until the contemporary periods (14).





Footnotes

1. The Russians, particularly those who dwelt in Ukraine and White Russia, used to call the Polish natives Lahs.

2. Nassrollah Bayat, Poland, Tehran, Foreign Ministry's Printing and Publishing Institute.

3. Sarmats are a branch of Qarayeems who spread many of their fanatical ethnic traditions and customs among other Polish tribes and even among the Slaves dwelling outside Poland and the Poles used even to copy their costume.

4. Tadeusz Juda Krusinski, was a Pole by birth. He was born in the year 1675 and after learning eastern languages he joined the Jesuit missionaries in that country. In 1720 Krusinski was appointed by Bartabas Fedli, the archbishop in Isfahan, to negotiate with Shah Sultan Hussein about certain (Muslim) clerics who had hurt and persecuted the Armenians in Tblisi and Ganja, and he performed his duties in an excellent manner. Krusinski was present in Isfahan when the town was besieged by the invading Afghans and after the fall of Isfahan he welcomed the invading Mahmud, the Afghan. Several weeks after Mahmud's death, the Polish priest along with Abdolaziz Qaterchi fled to the Ottoman embassy and in 1726 he managed to reach Skutari, Istanbul. There Krusinski wrote down his memoirs in Latin language. In 1733 Krusinski published Dori Efendi's book in Latin language which described the former's mission in Iran (Abdolhossein Navayie, Iran and Jahan Tehran, Nashr-e Homa, 1991, vol. 1 , p. 454).

5. Lockhart, The Fall of Safavid Dynasty, translated by Esmaeel Dolatshahi, P. 606 to 616.

6. Poland, P. 52.

7. Ibid.

8. Anna Krasnovolska, translated by Hussein Masoomi Hamadani, Nashr-e Danesh, 9th year, No. 3.

9. Adam Miskovich (1978 - 1855), a famous Polish poet, writer, dramatist and politician was born in Navagrad. In childhood and still young, his native Poland was not independent. After graduating from the Vilta University in 1989, he jointed anti-government revolutionary organizations but was detained, jailed and exiled.

>From 1824 to 1829 he remained an exile outside Poland and during that period he became acquainted with Pushkin, the celebrated Russian poet. In 1830 Miskovich returned to Poland and in 1839 he was lecturing in Lausanne University on Latin literature. In 1848 he formed the Miskovich legion in Italy and another legion in Istanbul. He died in Istanbul in the year 1855 (Poland P. 53 and 54).

10. Poland, P. 52.

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid.

13. Ibid.

14. Ibid.
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The Sassanid Church or Sassanian Church was established in 422 under Yezdegird I, shah of Sassanid Persia (Iran), to satisfy Persia's relatively large indigenous Christian population.


History
By the time the Sassanids overthrew the Parthians, Christianity was well established in Persia. The Sassanid shahs tolerated the religion, and Christianity flourished. However, the adoption of Christianity as the official religion by the Roman Empire, Persia's mortal enemy (see Roman-Persian Wars), made Shapur II, the Sassanid shah, uneasy. Christianity was still tolerated within the empire until 338 at Nisibis, when the Christian clergy helped the Byzantines during a Sassanid invasion. The Christians in Persia revealed their natural hopes for a Byzantine victory. In 341, Shapur ordered the massacre of all Christians in the empire.

Many Christians were massacred until Shapur II restricted his orders to just priests, monks, and nuns. By the time of Shapur's death in 379, 16,000 Christians had been slain.

Yazdegerd I, the successor, restored religious freedom to the Christians, helped them rebuild their churches, and in 422 a council of Persian bishops made the Persian Christian Church independent of both Greek and Roman Christianity.

By the late 6th century, many members of the Sassanid royal family and the court were Christians.


See Also
Roman-Persian Wars
Sassanid Empire
Assyrian Church of the East

Bibliography
Durant, Will. The Story of Civilization: The Age of Faith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1950. Pages 139-140.
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The Jesuits coincidently end up teaching The United States military leaders.

1.) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , Peter Pace. Trained at Georgetown University [External Link Removed for Guests]

2.) Commander of Multinational Force Iraq, David Howell Petraeus Trained at Georgetown University [External Link Removed for Guests]

3.) United States Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates Trained at Georgetown University
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4.) former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR),General James Jones Trained at Georgtown University. [External Link Removed for Guests]

5.) former United States Secretary of Defense, Donald Henry Rumsfeld
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6.) Current Chief of Staff of the United States Army and former Commander
of Multinational Forces in Iraq, George Casey Trained at Georgetown University
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Absolutely! No chance this is coincidence. It is just impossible! They are all Jesuit-trained and controlled because this Papal Crusade is a war of annhilation both of the Muslim peoples and the apostate Protestant West. Youth like myself are especially targeted for the coming draft. This is means
of population control. This war has been called "our children's children war" by CNN.


SMOM and 33rd Degree Freemason Tony Blair will be pulling out troops as well as other "Coalition" nations and their forces until the Armed Forces of the Unholy Roman Fourteenth Amendment American Empire will find itself going solo and by the time this diversionary war concludes (when the Muslim is reduced enough to ensure Israel will not be ransacked) the purposely sabotaged (the troops are ill-equipped because this is a war they are meant to and will lose. Rome is through with America-she has been drunk with the wine of the Whore's fornication since the illegal ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment.
I believe the death toll will surpass all wars the U.S. has ever fought and even now is greater than what the Order's CFR reports because only soldiers killed in action are counted, not those who die as a result of injuries,
wounds, suicides, poisons in the form of pills, depleted uranium, etc.

I believe as a result of the HPV vaccine Merck wants to give pre-adolescent girls will make them sterile in the long-term. She has caused the America to forget God and now we are witnessing His judgment U.S. defense will be beyond recovery and absolutely powerless to resist our coming invaders from China, Russia, the remaining Muslims who will forget about Jerusalem and the Jews and wage a jihad against what they call "The Great Satan" whom they will blame for the destruction of the Dome of the Rock, Al Aqsa mosque, Mecca, and Medina.

Brother Nicholas N. Rivera
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The CIA, Jesuits & the Soveriegn Military Order of Malta & Operation Mockingbird

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This has some astounding insights in this article; Much of which is essential to a fuller understanding of Romes stranglehold, not just on and in America, but the entire Western World; I really didn't want to add this to Dutchs Thread, Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, as it might clutter it up. But everyone should take the time to educate themselves and understand these issues deeply, so they are able and apt to share them with others; This is all history, backstory, politics, and a well of interlacing intrigues and enigmas. And after you have gone through this thread, make sure you go though Dutchs thread;

Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta ( 1 2 3 ... Last Page)

It has more pictures, and is a lot more fun! Yet this material should be read and understood to provide depth of knowledge.

Enjoy-
Phil






The reporters committee for Freedom of the Press
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Operation Mockingbird: CIA Media Manipulation


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Audio: Media & Mind Control in America
by Steven Jacobson
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By Mary Louise

The CIA's secret activities, covert missions, and connections of control are all done under the pretense and protection of national security with no accountability whatsoever, at least in their minds. Considering the public is held accountable for everything we think, say, and do there is something seriously wrong with this picture. The CIA is the President's secret army, who have been and continue to be conveniently above the law with unlimited power and authority, to conduct a reign of terror around the globe.

The "old boy network" of socializing, talking shop, and tapping each other for favors outside the halls of government made it inevitable that the CIA and Corporate America would become allies, thus the systematic infiltration and takeover of the media.

Under the guise of 'American' objectives and lack of congressional oversight, the CIA accomplish their exploits by using every trick in the book (and they know quite a few) that they actually teach in the notorious "School of the Americas", nicknamed the "School of Dictators" and "School of Assassins" by critics. The Association for Responsible Dissent estimates that 6 million people had died by 1987 as a result of CIA covert operations, called an "American Holocaust" by former State Department official William Blum. In 1948, the CIA recreated its covert action wing called the Office of Policy Coordination with Wall Street lawyer Frank Wisner as its first director. Another early elitist who served as Director of the CIA from 1953 to 1961 was Allen Dulles, a senior partner at the Wall Street firm of Sullivan and Cromwell, which represented the Rockefeller empire and other trusts, corporations, and cartels.

Starting in the early days of the Cold War (late 40's), the CIA began a secret project called Operation Mockingbird, with the intent of buying influence behind the scenes at major media outlets and putting reporters on the CIA payroll, which has proven to be a stunning ongoing success. The CIA effort to recruit American news organizations and journalists to become spies and disseminators of propaganda, was headed up by Frank Wisner, Allen Dulles, Richard Helms, and Philip Graham (publisher of The Washington Post). Wisner had taken Graham under his wing to direct the program code-named Operation Mockingbird and both have presumably committed suicide.

Media assets will eventually include ABC, NBC, CBS, Time, Newsweek, Associated Press, United Press International (UPI), Reuters, Hearst Newspapers, Scripps-Howard, Copley News Service, etc. and 400 journalists, who have secretly carried out assignments according to documents on file at CIA headquarters, from intelligence-gathering to serving as go-betweens. The CIA had infiltrated the nation's businesses, media, and universities with tens of thousands of on-call operatives by the 1950's. CIA Director Dulles had staffed the CIA almost exclusively with Ivy League graduates, especially from Yale with figures like George Herbert Walker Bush from the "Skull and Crossbones" Society.

Many Americans still insist or persist in believing that we have a free press, while getting most of their news from state-controlled television, under the misconception that reporters are meant to serve the public. Reporters are paid employees and serve the media owners, who usually cower when challenged by advertisers or major government figures. Robert Parry reported the first breaking stories about Iran-Contra for Associated Press that were largely ignored by the press and congress, then moving to Newsweek he witnessed a retraction of a true story for political reasons. In 'Fooling America: A Talk by Robert Parry' he said, "The people who succeeded and did well were those who didn't stand up, who didn't write the big stories, who looked the other way when history was happening in front of them, and went along either consciously or just by cowardice with the deception of the American people."

Major networks are primarily controlled by giant corporations that are obligated by law, to put the profits of their investors ahead of all other considerations which are often in conflict with the practice of responsible journalism. There were around 50 corporations a couple of decades ago, which was considered monopolistic by many and yet today, these companies have become larger and fewer in number as the biggest ones absorb their rivals. This concentration of ownership and power reduces the diversity of media voices, as news falls into the hands of large conglomerates with holdings in many industries that interferes in newsgathering, because of conflicts of interest. Mockingbird was an immense financial undertaking with funds flowing from the CIA largely through the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) founded by Tom Braden with Pat Buchanon of CNN's Crossfire.

Media corporations share members of the board of directors with a variety of other large corporations including banks, investment companies, oil companies, health care, pharmaceutical, and technology companies. Until the 1980's, media systems were generally domestically owned, regulated, and national in scope. However, pressure from the IMF, World Bank, and US government to deregulate and privatize, the media, communication, and new technology resulted in a global commercial media system dominated by a small number of super-powerful transnational media corporations (mostly US based), working to advance the cause of global markets and the CIA agenda.


The first tier of the nine giant firms that dominate the world are Time Warner/AOL, Disney/ABC, Bertelsmann, Viacom/CBS, Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation/Fox, General Electric/NBC, Sony, Universal/Seagram, Tele-Communications, Inc. or TCI and AT&T. This is just the head of the octopus which has its second and third tier tentacles working together in unison or feigned division. This would include The Washington Post/Newsweek, The New York Times/Weekly Standard, Tribune Co., US News, Gannett/USA Today, Dow Jones/Wall Street Journal, Washington Times, Knight-Ridder, etcetera. A good site to visit for more information is Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, a public interest media watchdog group, at [External Link Removed for Guests], [External Link Removed for Guests] and [External Link Removed for Guests]. Media propaganda tactics include blackouts, misdirections, expert opinions to echo the Establishment line, smears, defining popular opinions, mass entertainment distractions, and Hobson's Choice (the media presents the so-called conservative and liberal positions).


"Who Controls the Media? The Subversion of the Free Press by the CIA, The Depraved Spies and Moguls of the CIA's Operation Mockingbird", "The CIA: America's Premier International Terrorist Organization", and "Virtual Government: CIA Mind Control Operations in America" by Alex Constantine are an excellent source of information on this topic: [External Link Removed for Guests] and [External Link Removed for Guests]. David Guyatt has written books and many articles including one entitled "Subverting the Media" at [External Link Removed for Guests]. Then there are two articles called "A Timeline of CIA Atrocities" and "The Origins of the Overclass" by Steve Kangas that are very informative although from a more liberal perspective. Steve will not be writing anymore articles as he is no longer with us, having unfortunately met his untimely death that was 'apparently' from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. If you read about him on his web page that is still available, you will see that he did not seem like a person who was suffering from deep depression. In his memory, please take the time to read what he wrote at [External Link Removed for Guests], [External Link Removed for Guests], and [External Link Removed for Guests].

CNN aired "Valley of Death" in June of 1998 and Time magazine (both owned by Time-Warner) ran a story about a secret mission called Operation Tailwind and the activities of SOG, Studies and Observations Group, a secret elite commando unit of the Army's Special Forces that used lethal nerve gas (sarin), on a mission to Laos designed to kill American defectors. Suddenly the network was awash in denials and the story was hushed up, as usual. Acknowledged use of this gas coming at a time when the U.S. government was trying to get Saddam to comply with weapons inspections, was an embarrassment to say the least. What hypocrisy! Having actually used the weapons on our own troops, then complaining and accusing Saddam of potential use of stored similar weapons, of which some were manufactured in and supplied by the U.S. The broadcast was prepared after exhaustive research and rooted in considerable supportive data. To decide for yourself what the truth is read Floyd Abrams' report on the CNN site at [External Link Removed for Guests].

Journalists Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward broke the stories on Watergate (late 70's) in the Washington Post, having gained access to what the CIA was trying to keep from congress about its program of using journalists at home and abroad, in deliberate propaganda campaigns. It was later revealed that Woodward was a Naval intelligence briefer to the White House and knew many insiders including General Alexander Haig. A high-level source told Bernstein, "One journalist is worth twenty agents."
CFR/Trilateralist Katharine Graham, in a 1988 speech given to senior CIA employees at Agency headquarters said, "We live in a dirty and dangerous world. There are some things the general public does not need to know and shouldn't. I believe democracy flourishes when the government can take legitimate steps to keep its secrets and when the press can decide whether to print what it knows." Maybe that's another reason why folks get the impression that a suspicious agenda lurks behind the headlines. "25 Ways to Suppress Truth: Rules of Disinformation" and "8 Traits of the Disinformationalist" at [External Link Removed for Guests], sums it up very well.


Ralph McGehee was a CIA agent for 25 years, mainly in South-East Asia where he witnessed bombing and napalming of villages, which caused him to examine closely what the CIA was really all about. He has written about Vietnam's Phoenix Program [External Link Removed for Guests] and after a long battle with CIA censors, he published the book "Deadly Deceits" in 1983. Ralph has been harassed by the CIA and FBI, involving bodily injury, and his CIABASE website was shut down on Spring of 2000. He copied some reports that can be found at [External Link Removed for Guests] (and 2.htm), [External Link Removed for Guests], and [External Link Removed for Guests]. He concluded that the CIA is not now nor has it ever been a central intelligence agency but rather the covert action arm of the President's foreign policy advisors, of which disinformation is a large part of its responsibility and the American people are the primary target of its lies.

One of the primary reasons John F. Kennedy was assassinated had to do with the fact he dared to interfere in the framework of power. Kennedy was intent on exercising his ELECTED powers and not allowing them to be usurped by power-crazed individuals in the intelligence community, threatening to "splinter the CIA in a thousand pieces and scatter it to the wind." There were four things that filled the CIA with rage and sealed his fate; JFK fired Allen Dulles, was in the process of founding a panel to investigate the CIA's numerous crimes, put a damper on the breadth and scope of the CIA, and limited their ability to act under National Security Memoranda 55.

There is such an overwhelming amount of information pertaining to the CIA that it is impossible to cover it all in one book, much less an article. Personally, I have come to the conclusion that the media is not only influenced by the CIA.....the media is the CIA. Many Americans think of their supposedly free press as a watchdog on government, mainly because the press itself shamelessly promotes that myth. One of the first tenets for the control of a population is to control all sources of information the population receives and mostly because of the pervasive CIA and Operation Mockingbird, the mainstream American Press is a controlled multi-national corporate/government megaphone. They are up to their eyeballs in dirty deeds and there will never be an end to the corruption that prevails unless the CIA is abolished. Otherwise, the CIA will just keep on using their tricks of propaganda, stuffed ballot boxes, purchased elections, extortion, blackmail, drug trafficking, sexual intrigue, kidnapping, beating, torture, intimidation, economic sabotage, false stories about opponents in the local media, infiltration and disruption of opposing political parties, demolition and evacuation procedures, death squads, and politically motivated assassinations. The CIA is the epitome of organized crime run amuck!

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®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®¢§®
Central Intelligence Agency ::: Official Media Relations Site
In an effort to provide the American people with accurate information about the CIA, its mission, and the contributions Agency employees make to national security, the Media Relations Division staff works with print and broadcast journalists on a daily basis. The Office of Public Affairs believes that accurate media coverage of aspects of the Agency's work will build better public understanding of our efforts. The Division's objective is to be as helpful and responsive to the media as possible while still protecting classified information, including intelligence sources and methods. To accomplish this goal, the Media Relations Division staff establishes professional relationships with print and broadcast reporters, responds to press inquiries on a wide range of issues, develops media strategies in advance of newsworthy events or announcements, prepares press releases, and arranges for Agency experts to provide background briefings for U.S. media. [External Link Removed for Guests]

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A Short Peek into the Future - Part 1
By Wade Inganamort

Click. Click. Click. The familiar sound violently awoke Sam, sending shockwaves down his spine. Click. Click. Click. His first voluntary reaction was to think - Is it me? Do they know? Wondering how far away they were, he threw back the standard issue gray bedding and planted his feet firmly on the cold cement floor. His mind was racing in one consistent direction: escape.

Grabbing his overcoat, he stumbled to the door, while checking the pockets to ensure that he still had the document. I must get rid of it, he thought. Why did I have to be so damn curious? Click. Click. Click. The sound was getting closer.

How he wished that he didn't have this chip in his arm, then he could've just slipped away weeks ago. It's now or never, he whispered to himself. His left hand was cleching the document in his pocket as he turned the doorknob.
Swoosh. A dart flew by his right temple. It was too late. Click. Click. Click. There they were, his worse nightmare come true; a fleet of ten six-legged Lynxmotion Hexapod II walking robots were approaching from the end of the hallway. They were increasing speed, but from hearing so many rumors, the Haxapods were not what he feared. They were but mere slaves, doing reconnaissance as part of a distributed sensor network, relaying the triangulated information back to their master, ROBART.

ROBART he knew, was rather slow with his dual treads powered by 12-volt electric wheelchair motors. Escape was a matter of evading the Hexapods before he was remotely located by GPS from the signals that his subdermal microchip - Digital Angel was emitting. But where would he go? This sector's grid monitor prevented any free-roaming, unless a travel plan was first logged from a public Digital Angel uplink terminal. Click. Click. Click.

He made a dash to the right, hoping to get a small head start and immediately felt the first of six steel tipped darts enter his neck. Consciousness began to fade away. His left hand was still tightly gripping the illegal document. ROBART's remote camera zooms in on the torn Xeroxed paper as the puppetmasters 3,000 miles away can just barely read a portion of the title: The Constitution of the United Sta......


"We have money to blow up bridges over the Tigress and Euphrates and we
don't have money to build bridges in our major cities. We have money to destroy the health of the Iraqi people and we don't have enough money to repair the health of our own people in this country. There is something fundamentally wrong with the direction this administration is taking its foreign policy, and I intend to change that if I am elected president of the United States."
Dennis Kucinich on CNN's Crossfire: Friday February 21, 2003


They hang the man and flog the woman
who steal the goose from the Common
But the other man they let go loose
who steal the Common from the goose
Olde English Nursery Rhyme


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The Origins of the Overclass
By Steve Kangas


The wealthy have always used many methods to accumulate wealth, but it was not until the mid-1970s that these methods coalesced into a superbly organized, cohesive and efficient machine. After 1975, it became greater than the sum of its parts, a smooth flowing organization of advocacy groups, lobbyists, think tanks, conservative foundations, and PR firms that hurtled the richest 1 percent into the stratosphere.
The origins of this machine, interestingly enough, can be traced back to the CIA. This is not to say the machine is a formal CIA operation, complete with code name and signed documents. (Although such evidence may yet surface and previously unthinkable domestic operations such as MK-ULTRA, CHAOS and MOCKINGBIRD show this to be a distinct possibility.) But what we do know already indicts the CIA strongly enough. Its principle creators were Irving Kristol, Paul Weyrich, William Simon, Richard Mellon Scaife, Frank Shakespeare, William F. Buckley, Jr., the Rockefeller family, and more. Almost all the machine's creators had CIA backgrounds.

During the 1970s, these men would take the propaganda and operational techniques they had learned in the Cold War and apply them to the Class War. Therefore it is no surprise that the American version of the machine bears an uncanny resemblance to the foreign versions designed to fight communism. The CIA's expert and comprehensive organization of the business class would succeed beyond their wildest dreams. In 1975, the richest 1 percent owned 22 percent of America's wealth. By 1992, they would nearly double that, to 42 percent, the highest level of inequality in the 20th century.

How did this alliance start? The CIA has always recruited the nation's elite: millionaire businessmen, Wall Street brokers, members of the national news media, and Ivy League scholars. During World War II, General "Wild Bill" Donovan became chief of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the forerunner of the CIA. Donovan recruited so exclusively from the nation's rich and powerful that members eventually came to joke that "OSS" stood for "Oh, so social!"

Another early elite was Allen Dulles, who served as Director of the CIA from 1953 to 1961. Dulles was a senior partner at the Wall Street firm of Sullivan and Cromwell, which represented the Rockefeller empire and other mammoth trusts, corporations and cartels. He was also a board member of the J. Henry Schroeder Bank, with offices in Wall Street, London, Zurich and Hamburg. His financial interests across the world would become a conflict of interest when he became head of the CIA. Like Donavan, he would recruit exclusively from society's elite.

By the 1950s, the CIA had riddled the nation's businesses, media and universities with tens of thousands of part-time, on-call operatives. Their employment with the agency took a variety of forms, which included:

Leaving one's profession to work for the CIA in a formal, official capacity. Staying in one's profession, using the job as cover for CIA activity. This undercover activity could be full-time, part-time, or on-call. Staying in one's profession, occasionally passing along information useful to the CIA.

Passing through the revolving door that has always existed between the agency and the business world.

Historically, the CIA and society's elite have been one and the same people. This means that their interests and goals are one and the same as well. Perhaps the most frequent description of the intelligence community is the "old boy network," where members socialize, talk shop, conduct business and tap each other for favors well outside the formal halls of government.

Many common traits made it inevitable that the CIA and Corporate America would become allies. Both share an intense dislike of democracy, and feel they should be liberated from democratic regulations and oversight. Both share a culture of secrecy, either hiding their actions from the American public or lying about them to present the best public image. And both are in a perfect position to help each other.

How? International businesses give CIA agents cover, secret funding, top-quality resources and important contacts in foreign lands. In return, the CIA gives corporations billion-dollar federal contracts (for spy planes, satellites and other hi-tech spycraft). Businessmen also enjoy the romantic thrill of participating in spy operations. The CIA also gives businesses a certain amount of protection and privacy from the media and government watchdogs, under the guise of "national security." Finally, the CIA helps American corporations remain dominant in foreign markets, by overthrowing governments hostile to unregulated capitalism and installing puppet regimes whose policies favor American corporations at the expense of their people.


The CIA's alliance with the elite turned out to be an unholy one. Each enabled the other to rise above the law. Indeed, a review of the CIAs history is one of such crime and atrocity that no one can reasonably defend it, even in the name of anticommunism. Before reviewing this alliance in detail, it is useful to know the CIAs history of atrocity first.


The Crimes of the CIA

During World War II, the OSS actively engaged in propaganda, sabotage and countless other dirty tricks. After the war, and even after the CIA was created in 1947, the American intelligence community reverted to harmless information gathering and analysis, thinking that the danger to national security had passed. That changed in 1948 with the emergence of the Cold War. In that year, the CIA recreated its covert action wing, innocuously called the Office of Policy Coordination. Its first director was Wall Street lawyer Frank Wisner. According to its secret charter, its responsibilities included propaganda, economic warfare, preventive direct action, including sabotage, antisabotage, demolition and evacuation procedures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to underground resistance groups, and support of indigenous anti-communist elements in threatened countries of the free world.

By 1953, the dirty tricks department of the CIA had grown to 7,200 personnel and commanded 74 percent of the CIAs total budget. The following quotes describe the culture of lawlessness that pervaded the CIA:
Stanley Lovell, a CIA recruiter for "Wild Bill" Donovan: "What I have to do is to stimulate the Peck's Bad Boy beneath the surface of every American scientist and say to him, 'Throw all your normal law-abiding concepts out the window. Here's a chance to raise merry hell. Come help me raise it.'" (1)
George Hunter White, writing of his CIA escapades: "I toiled wholeheartedly in the vineyards because it was fun, fun, fun... Where else could a red-blooded American boy lie, kill, cheat, steal, rape and pillage with the sanction and blessing of the all-highest?" (2)

A retired CIA agency caseworker with twenty years experience: "I never gave a thought to legality or morality. Frankly, I did what worked."

Blessed with secrecy and lack of congressional oversight, CIA operations became corrupt almost immediately. Using propaganda stations like Voice of America and Radio Free Europe, the CIA felt justified in manipulating the public for its own good. The broadcasts were so patently false that for a time it was illegal to publish transcripts of them in the U.S. This was a classic case of a powerful organization deciding what was best for the people, and then abusing the powers it had helped itself to.

During the 40s and 50s, most of the public was unaware of what the CIA was doing. Those who knew thought they were fighting the good fight against communism, like James Bond. However, they could not keep their actions secret forever, and by the 60s and 70s, Americans began learning about the agencys crimes and atrocities. (3) It turns out the
CIA has:
Corrupted democratic elections in Greece, Italy and dozens of other nations;
Been involved to varying degrees in at least 35 assassination plots against foreign heads of state or prominent political leaders. Successful assassinations include democratically elected leaders like Salvador Allende (Chile) and Patrice Lumumba (Belgian Congo); also CIA-created dictators like Rafael Trujillo (Dominican Republic) and Ngo Dinh Diem (South Vietnam); and popular political leaders like Che Guevara. Unsuccessful attempts range from Fidel Castro to Charles De Gaulle.

Helped launch military coups that toppled democratic governments, replacing them with brutal dictatorships or juntas. The list of overthrown democratic leaders includes Mossadegh (Iran, 1953), Arbenz (Guatemala, 1954), Velasco and Arosemena (Ecuador, 1961, 1963), Bosch (Dominican Republic, 1963), Goulart (Brazil, 1964), Sukarno (Indonesia, 1965), Papandreou (Greece, 1965-67), Allende (Chile, 1973), and dozens of others.

Undermined the governments of Australia, Guyana, Cambodia, Jamaica and more;
Supported murderous dictators like General Pinochet (Chile), the Shah of Iran, Ferdinand Marcos (Phillipines), "Papa Doc" and "Baby Doc" Duvalier (Haiti), General Noriega (Panama), Mobutu Sese Seko (Ziare), the "reign of the colonels" (Greece), and more;
Created, trained and supported death squads and secret police forces that tortured and murdered hundreds of thousands of civilians, leftists and political opponents, in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Haiti, Bolivia, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Brazil, Chile,

Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Iran, Turkey, Angola and others;

Helped run the "School of the Americas" at Fort Benning, Georgia, which trains Latin
American military officers how to overthrow democratic governments. Subjects include the use of torture, interrogation and murder;

Used Michigan State "professors" to train Diem's secret police in torture; Conducted economic sabotage, including ruining crops, disrupting industry, sinking ships and creating food shortages;

Paved the way for the massacre of 200,000 in East Timor, 500,000 in Indonesia and one to two million in Cambodia;

Launched secret or illegal military actions or wars in Nicaragua, Angola, Cuba, Laos and
Indochina;

Planted false stories in the local media;

Framed political opponents for crimes, atrocities, political statements and
embarrassments that they did not commit;

Spied on thousands of American citizens, in defiance of Congressional law;

Smuggled Nazi war criminals and weapon scientists into the U.S., unpunished, for their use in the Cold War;

Created organizations like the World Anti-Communist League, which became filled with ex-Nazis, Nazi sympathizers, Italian terrorists, Japanese fascists, racist Afrikaaners, Latin American death squad leaders, CIA agents and other extreme right-wing militants;

Conducted Operation MK-ULTRA, a mind-control experiment that gave LSD and other drugs to Americans against their will or without their knowledge, causing some to commit suicide;

Penetrated and disrupted student antiwar organizations;

Kept friendly and extensive working relations with the Mafia;

Actively traded in drugs around the world since the 1950s to fund its operations. The Contra/c r 4c k scandal is only the tip of the iceberg - other notorious examples include Southeast Asia's Golden Triangle and Noreiga's Panama.

Had their fingerprints all over the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcom X. Even if the CIA is not responsible for these killings, the sheer amount of CIA involvement in these cases demands answers;
And then routinely lied to Congress about all of the above.


The Association for Responsible Dissent estimates that by 1987, 6 million people had died as a result of CIA covert operations. (4) Former State Department official William Blum correctly calls this an "American Holocaust."

We should note that the CIA gets away with this because it is not accountable to democratic government. Former CIA officer Philip Agee put it best: "The CIA is the President's secret army." Prior to 1975, the agency answered only to the President (creating all the usual problems of authoritarianism). And because the CIA's activities were secret, the President rarely had to worry about public criticism and pressure. After the 1975 Church hearings, Congress tried to create congressional oversight of the CIA, but this has failed miserably. One reason is that the congressional oversight committee is a sham, filled with Cold Warriors, conservatives, businessmen, and even ex-CIA personnel.


The Business Origins of CIA Crimes


Although many people think that the CIAs primary mission during the Cold War was to "deter communism," Noam Chomksy correctly points out that its real mission was "deterring democracy." From corrupting elections to overthrowing democratic governments, from assassinating elected leaders to installing murderous dictators, the CIA has virtually always replaced democracy with dictatorship. It didn't help that the CIA was run by businessmen, whose hostility towards democracy is legendary. The reason they overthrew so many democracies is because the people usually voted for policies that multi-national corporations didn't like: land reform, strong labor unions, nationalization of their industries, and greater regulation protecting workers, consumers and the environment.

So the CIA's greatest "successes" were usually more pro-corporate than anti-communist. Citing a communist threat, the CIA helped overthrow the democratically elected Mohammed Mussadegh government in Iran in 1953. But there was no communist threat the Soviets stood back and watched the coup from afar. What really happened was that Mussadegh threatened to nationalize British and American oil companies in Iran. Consequently, the CIA and MI6 toppled Mussadegh and replaced him with a puppet government, headed by the Shah of Iran and his murderous secret police, SAVAK. The reason why the Ayatollah Khomeini and his revolutionaries took 52 Americans hostage in Tehran in 1979 was because the CIA had helped SAVAK torture and murder their people.


Another "success" was the CIAs overthrow of the democratically elected government of Jacabo Arbenz in Guatemala in 1954. Again, there was no communist threat. The real threat was to Guatemalas United Fruit Company, a Rockefeller-owned firm whose stockholders included CIA Director Allen Dulles. Arbenz threatened to nationalize the company, albeit with generous compensation. In response, the CIA initiated a coup that overthrew Arbenz and installed the murderous dictator Castillo Armas. For four decades, CIA-backed dicatators would torture and murder hundreds of thousands of leftists, union members and others who would fight for a more equitable distribution of the countrys resources.

Another "success" story was Chile. In 1973, the country's democratically elected leader, Salvadore Allende, nationalized foreign-owned interests, like Chile's lucrative copper mines and telephone system. International Telephone & Telegraph (ITT) offered the CIA $1 million to overthrow Allende which the CIA allegedly refused but paid $350,000 to his political opponents. The CIA responded with a coup that murdered Allende and replaced him with a brutal tyrant, General Augusto Pinochet. Pinochet tortured and murdered thousands of leftists, union members and political opponents as economists trained at the University of Chicago under Milton Friedman installed a "free market" economy. Since then, income inequality has soared higher in Chile than anywhere else in Latin America.

Even when the communist threat was real, the CIA first and foremost took care of the elite. In testimony before Congress in the early 50s, it artificially inflated Soviet military capabilities. A notorious example was the "bomber gap" that later turned out to be grossly exaggerated. Another was "Team B," a group of hawkish CIA analysts who seriously distorted Soviet military data. These scare tactics worked. Congress awarded giant defense contracts to the U.S. military-industrial complex.

And not even the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of American defense contracts have stopped the CIA from serving the elite. Journalist Robert Dreyfuss writes:
Since the end of the Cold War, Washington has been abuzz with talk about using the CIA for economic espionage. Stripped of euphemism, economic espionage simply means that American spies would target foreign companies, such as Toyota, Nissan and Honda, and then covertly pass stolen trade secrets and technology to U.S. corporate executives. (5)

If this isn't bad enough, a worse problem arises in that the CIA doesn't hand over this technology to every American auto-related company, but only the Big Three: Ford, Chrysler and General Motors.

In a 1975 interview, Ex-CIA agent Philip Agee summed up his personal observations of the agency:
To the people who work for it, the CIA is known as The Company. The Big Business mentality pervades everything. Agents, for instance, are called assets. The man in charge of the United Kingdom desk is said to have the "U.K. account"& American multinational corporations have built up colossal interests all over the world, and you can bet your ass that wherever you find U. S. business interests, you also find the CIA& The multinational corporations want a peaceful status quo in countries where they have investments, because that gives them undisturbed access to cheap raw materials, cheap labor and stable markets for their finished goods. The status quo suits bankers, because their money remains secure and multiplies. And, of course, the status quo suits the small ruling groups the CIA supports abroad, because all they want is to keep themselves on top of the socioeconomic pyramid and the majority of their people on the bottom. But do you realize what being on the bottom means in most parts of the world? Ignorance, poverty, often early death by starvation or disease&

Remember, the CIA is an instrument of the President; it only carries out policy. And, like everyone else, the President has to respond to forces in the society he's trying to lead, right? In America, the most powerful force is Big Business, and American Big Business has a vested interest in the Cold War. (6)

Domestic Recruitment
The CIA had no trouble recruiting elites who sought a more exciting life. Between 1948 and 1959, more than 40,000 American individuals and companies acted as sources for the U.S. intelligence community. (7) Let's look at each area of recruitment, and see how they enabled the CIA to conduct its crimes:


Big Business
The CIA co-opted big business right from the start, beginning with the most famous billionaire of the time: Howard Hughes. Hughes had inherited his fathers million-dollar tool and die company at age 19. Anxious to expand his fortune, he made a conscientious decision "to go where the money is", namely, government. With a few well-placed bribes, Hughes secured defense contracts to build military planes. The result was the Hughes Aircraft company. By 1940, he had also acquired a controlling interest in Trans World Airlines. His government connections and international airline soon caught the attention of the CIA, and the two began a lifelong relationship. Hughes, whom the CIA dubbed "The Stockbroker," became the agency's largest contractor. Not only did he let the CIA use his business firms as fronts, but he also funded countless CIA operations. Perhaps the most notorious was Operation Jennifer, an allegedly failed attempt to recover nuclear codes from a sunken Soviet submarine. Hughes right-hand security man, Robert Maheu, was a CIA agent who at one time represented the CIA in negotiations with the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro.

The CIA's contacts with big business quickly spread. The agency showed a preference for international companies, public relations firms, media companies, law offices, banks, financiers and stockbrokers. The CIA didn't limit its activities to recruiting businessmen; sometimes the CIA bought or created entire companies outright. One benefit of co-opting big business was that the CIA was able to create a secret source of funds other than from government. With stock portfolios multiplying their profits, it's impossible now to say how flush the CIA really is. If Congress ever cut off funds for a mission, the business fraternity could easily replace them, either by donations or even setting up profitable businesses in the target country. In fact, this is precisely what happened during the Iran/Contra scandal.

By allying itself with the business community, the CIA received the funds and ability it needed to remove itself from democratic control.


The Media
Journalism is a perfect cover for CIA agents. People talk freely to journalists, and few think suspiciously of a journalist aggressively searching for information. Journalists also have power, influence and clout. Not surprisingly, the CIA began a mission in the late 1940s to recruit American journalists on a wide scale, a mission it dubbed Operation MOCKINGBIRD. The agency wanted these journalists not only to relay any sensitive information they discovered, but also to write anti-communist, pro-capitalist propaganda when needed.

The instigators of MOCKINGBIRD were Frank Wisner, Allan Dulles, Richard Helms and Philip Graham. Graham was the husband of Katherine Graham, today's publisher of the Washington Post. In fact, it was the Post's ties to the CIA that allowed it to grow so quickly after the war, both in readership and influence. (

MOCKINGBIRD was extraordinarily successful. In no time, the agency had recruited at least 25 media organizations to disseminate CIA propaganda. At least 400 journalists would eventually join the CIA payroll, according to the CIA's testimony before a stunned Church Committee in 1975. (The committee felt the true number was considerably higher.) The names of those recruited reads like a Who's Who of journalism:
Philip and Katharine Graham (Publishers, Washington Post) William Paley (President, CBS) Henry Luce (Publisher, Time and Life magazine) Arthur Hays Sulzberger (Publisher, N.Y. Times) Jerry O'Leary (Washington Star) Hal Hendrix (Pulitzer Prize winner, Miami News) Barry Bingham Sr., (Louisville Courier-Journal) James Copley (Copley News Services) Joseph Harrison (Editor, Christian Science Monitor) C.D. Jackson (Fortune) Walter Pincus (Reporter, Washington Post) ABC NBC Associated Press United Press International Reuters Hearst Newspapers Scripps-Howard Newsweek magazine Mutual Broadcasting System Miami Herald Old Saturday Evening Post New York Herald-Tribune

Perhaps no newspaper is more important to the CIA than the Washington Post, one of the nations most right-wing dailies. Its location in the nation's capitol enables the paper to maintain valuable personal contacts with leading intelligence, political and business figures. Unlike other newspapers, the Post operates its own bureaus around the world, rather than relying on AP wire services. Owner Philip Graham was a military intelligence officer in World War II, and later became close friends with CIA figures like Frank Wisner, Allen Dulles, Desmond FitzGerald and Richard Helms. He inherited the Post by marrying Katherine Graham, whose father owned it.

After Philip's suicide in 1963, Katharine Graham took over the Post. Seduced by her husband's world of government and espionage, she expanded her newspaper's relationship with the CIA. In a 1988 speech before CIA officials at Langley, Virginia, she stated:
We live in a dirty and dangerous world. There are some things that the general public does not need to know and shouldn't. I believe democracy flourishes when the government can take legitimate steps to keep its secrets and when the press can decide whether to print what it knows.

This quote has since become a classic among CIA critics for its belittlement of democracy and its admission that there is a political agenda behind the Post's headlines.
Ben Bradlee was the Post's managing editor during most of the Cold War. He worked in the U.S. Paris embassy from 1951 to 1953, where he followed orders by the CIA station chief to place propaganda in the European press. (9) Most Americans incorrectly believe that Bradlee personifies the liberal slant of the Post, given his role in publishing the Pentagon Papers and the Watergate investigations. But neither of these two incidents are what they seem. The Post merely published the Pentagon Papers after The New York Times already had, because it wanted to appear competitive. As for Watergate, we'll examine the CIA's reasons for wanting to bring down Nixon in a moment. Someone once asked Bradlee: "Does it irk you when The Washington Post is made out to be a bastion of slanted liberal thinkers instead of champion journalists just because of Watergate?" Bradlee responded: "Damn right it does!" (10)

It would be impossible to elaborate in this short space even the most important examples of the CIA/media alliance. Sig Mickelson was a CIA asset the entire time he was president of CBS News from 1954 to 1961. Later he went on to become president of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, two major outlets of CIA propaganda.

The CIA also secretly bought or created its own media companies. It owned 40 percent of the Rome Daily American at a time when communists were threatening to win the Italian elections. Worse, the CIA has bought many domestic media companies. A prime example is Capital Cities, created in 1954 by CIA businessman William Casey (who would later become Reagan's CIA director). Another founder was Lowell Thomas, a close friend and business contact with CIA Director Allen Dulles. Another founder was CIA businessman Thomas Dewey. By 1985, Capital Cities had grown so powerful that it was able to buy an entire TV network: ABC.

For those who believe in "separation of press and state," the very idea that the CIA has secret propaganda outlets throughout the media is appalling. The reason why America was so oblivious to CIA crimes in the 40s and 50s was because the media willingly complied with the agency. Even today, when the immorality of the CIA should be an open-and-shut case, "debate" about the issue rages in the media. Here is but one example:
In 1996, The San Jose Mercury News published an investigative report suggesting that the CIA had sold c r 4c k in Los Angeles to fund the Contra war in Central America. A month later, three of the CIA's most important media allies, The Washington Post, The New York Times and The Los Angeles Times immediately leveled their guns at the Mercury report and blasted away in an attempt to discredit it. Who wrote the Post article? Walter Pincus, longtime CIA journalist. The dangers here are obvious.


Academia

By the early 50s, CIA Director Allen Dulles had staffed the CIA almost exclusively with Ivy League graduates, especially from Yale. (A disproportionate number of CIA figures, like George Bush, come from Yale's "Skull and Crossbones" Society.) CIA recruiters also approached thousands of other professors to work in place at their universities on a part-time, contract basis. Not stopping at recruiting scholars, the agency would go on to create several departments at elite universities, including Harvard's Russian Research Center and the Center for International Studies at MIT.

Although most academics were supportive of the CIA in the 50s, most were unaware of its abuses. In the 60s, academia would become outraged to learn that anti-communist organizations like the National Student Association were actually creations of the CIA. The most audacious CIA front was the Congress for Cultural Freedom, an organization that attracted liberal, freethinking artists and intellectuals who nonetheless deplored communism.

By the late 60s and 70s, growing reports of CIA crimes and atrocities had deeply alienated academia. Scholars were further troubled to learn that the CIA had penetrated and disrupted student antiwar groups. Unlike business and the media, academia overwhelmingly denounced the CIA after the Vietnam era. This eventually forced the CIA to turn to new places to find their analysts and scholars. The most important source was the conservative think-tank movement, which it helped to create. More on this later.


The Roman Catholic Church

Although the CIA began as a mostly Protestant organization, Roman Catholics quickly came to dominate the new covert-action wing in 1948. All were staunchly conservative, fiercely anti-communist and socially elite. Just a few of the many Catholic operatives included future CIA directors William Colby, William Casey, and John McCone. Another well-known personality from this period was William F. Buckley, Jr., editor of the National Review and gadfly host of TV's Firing Line. Buckley, it turns out, served as a CIA agent in Mexico City, and his experiences there served as fodder for his Blackford Oakes spy novels.

There were several reasons for this influx of Catholic elites. First, Wisner (himself a Wall Street lawyer) had an extensive and glamorous circle of friends to recruit from. Second, Italy was in constant crisis in the 1940s, both during World War II and after. Throughout this troubled period, the American intelligence community's greatest ally in Italy was the Roman Catholic Church.

The Roman Catholic Church, of course, is one of the most anti-communist organizations in the world. The Marxist doctrine of atheism threatens Catholic theology, and its equality threatens the Church's strict tradition of hierarchy and authoritarianism. When Hitler invaded Communist Russia, the Vatican openly approved. Jesuit Michael Serafian wrote: "It cannot be denied that [Pope] Pius XII's closest advisors for some time regarded Hitler's armoured divisions as the right hand of God." (11)

But Hitler persecuted Catholics as well, and ultimately drove the Church to the Americans. In 1943, the Vatican reached a secret agreement with OSS Chief Donovan himself a devout Catholic to let the Holy See become the center of Allied spy operations in Italy. Donovan considered the Church to be one of his prize intelligence assets, given its global power, membership and contacts. He cultivated this alliance by sending America's most prestigious Catholics to the Vatican to establish rapport and forge an alliance.

After the war, half of Europe lay under Communist control, and the Italian communist party threatened to win the 1948 elections. The prospect of communism ruling over the heart of Catholicism terrified the Vatican. Once again, American intelligence gathered their most prestigious Catholics to strengthen ties with the Vatican. Because this was the first mission of the new covert action division, the American Catholic agents acquired positions of power early on, and would dominate covert operations for the rest of the Cold War.

At a public level, the U.S. government sunk $350 million in social and military aid into Italy to sway the vote. On a secret level, Wisner spent $10 million in black budget funds to steal the elections. This included disseminating propaganda, beating up left-wing politicians, intimidating voters and disrupting leftist parties. The dirty tricks worked the Communists lost, and the Catholic Americans success permanently secured their power within the CIA.


The Knights of Malta (12)
The Roman Catholic Church did not forget the American agents who had saved them from both Nazism and Communism. It rewarded them by making them Knights of Malta, or members of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM).
SMOM is one of the oldest and most elite religious orders in the Catholic Church. Until recently, it limited its membership to Italians and foreign heads of state. In 1927, however, an exception was made for the United States, given its emerging status as a world power. SMOM opened an American branch, awarding knighthood or damehood to several American Catholic business tycoons. This group was so conservative that one, John Raskob, the Chairman of General Motors, actually became involved in an aborted military plot to remove Franklin Roosevelt from the White House. SMOM has also been embarrassed by knighting or giving awards to countless people who later turned out to be Nazi war criminals. This is the sort of culture that thrives within the leadership of SMOM.

Officially, the Knights of Malta are a global charity organization. But beginning in the 1940s, knighthood was granted to countless CIA agents, and the organization has become a front for intelligence operations. SMOM is ideal for this kind of activity, because it is recognized as the worlds only landless sovereignty, and members enjoy diplomatic immunity. This allows agents and supplies to pass through customs without interference from the host country. Such privileges enabled the Knights of Malta to become a major supplier of "humanitarian aid" to the Contras during their war in the 1980s.
A partial list of the Knights and Dames of Malta reads like a Who's Who of American Catholicism:
William Casey, CIA Director. John McCone, CIA Director. William Colby, CIA Director. William Donovan OSS Director. Donovan was given an especially prestigious form of knighthood that has only been given to a hundred other men in history. Frank Shakespeare, Director of such propaganda organizations as the U.S. Information Agency, Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Also executive vice-president of CBS-TV and vice-chairman of RKO General Inc. He is currently chairman of the board of trustees at the Heritage Foundation, a right-wing think tank. William Simon, Treasury Secretary under President Nixon. In the private sector, he has become one of America's 400 richest individuals by working in international finance. Today he is the President of the John M. Olin Foundation, a major funder of right-wing think tanks. William F. Buckley, Jr. , CIA agent, conservative pundit and mass media personality. James Buckley William's brother, head of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Clare Boothe Luce - The grand dame of the Cold War was also a Dame of Malta. She was a popular playwright and the wife of the publishing tycoon Henry Luce, who cofounded Time magazine. Francis X Stankard - CEO of the international division of Chase Manhattan Bank, a Rockefeller institution. (Nelson Rockefeller was also a major CIA figure.) John Farrell President, U.S. Steel Lee Iacocca Chairman, General Motors William S. Schreyer Chairman, Merrill Lynch. Richard R. Shinn Chairman, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Joseph Kennedy Founder of the Kennedy empire. Baron Hilton Owner, Hilton Hotel chain. Patrick J. Frawley Jr. Heir, Schick razor fortune. Frawley is a famous funder of right-wing Catholic causes, such as the Christian Anti-Communist Crusade. Ralph Abplanalp - Aerosol magnate. Martin F. Shea - Executive vice president of Morgan Guaranty Trust. Joseph Brennan - Chairman of the executive committee of the Emigrant Savings Bank of New York. J. Peter Grace President, W.R. Grace Company. He was a key figure in Operatio
cientists and spies to the U.S. Many were war criminals whose atrocities were excused in their service to the CIA. Thomas Bolan, Of Saxe, Bacon and Bolan, the law firm of Senator McCarthy's deceased aide Roy Cohn. Bowie Kuhn Baseball Comissioner Cardinal John O'Connor Extreme right-wing leader among American Catholics, and fervent abortion opponent. Cardinal Francis Spellman The "American Pope" was at one time the most powerful Catholic in America, an arch-conservative and a rabid anti-communist. Cardinal Bernard Law - One of the highest-ranking conservatives in the American church. Alexander Haig, Secretary of State under President Reagan. Admiral James D. Watkins Hard-line chief of naval operations under President Reagan.
Jeremy Denton Senator (R Al). Pete Domenici Senator (R-New Mexico). Walter J. Hickel - Governor of Alaska and secretary of the interior.

When this group gets together, obviously, the topics are spying, business and politics.
The CIA has also used other religious and charity organizations as fronts. For example, John F. Kennedy -- another anticommunist Roman Catholic who greatly expanded covert operations -- created the U.S. Peace Corps to serve as cover for CIA operatives. The CIA has also made extensive use of missionaries, with the blessings of many right-wing, anticommunist Christian denominations.
But the World Grows Wise&

It was only a matter of time before other nations caught on to these fronts. They learned that when the CIA comes to their countries to commit their crimes and atrocities, they come disguised as American journalists, businessmen, missionaries and charity volunteers. Unfortunately, foreigners are now targeting these professions as hostile. In Lebanon, terrorists held U.S. journalist Terry Anderson hostage for nearly seven years, on the not unreasonable assumption that he was a spy. Whether or not this was true is beside the point. The CIA has put all Americans abroad at risk, whether they are CIA agents or not. In hearings before the Senate in 1996, many organizations urged Congress to stop using their professions as CIA cover. Don Argue of the National Association of Evangelicals testified: "Such use of missionary agents for covert activities by the CIA would be unethical and immoral." (13)


From the Cold War to the Class War
As noted above, academia was the first major institution to denounce the crimes of the CIA. Why? One reason is that scholars conduct their own extensive research into world affairs, so naturally they were the first to learn the truth. This is the main reason why protest against the Vietnam War and the CIA erupted first among students on the nation's campuses. By the end of the Vietnam War, the CIA had suffered a "brain drain" as its academic allies became its most articulate, passionate and eloquent critics.

The social revolutions of the 60s terrified the CIA. James Jesus Angleton, chief of counter-intelligence and a truly paranoid man, was convinced the Soviets had masterminded the entire antiwar movement. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover shared his conviction. The CIA had always spied on student groups throughout the 60s, but in 1968 President Johnson dramatically stepped up the effort with Operation CHAOS. This initially called for 50 CIA agents to go undercover as student radicals, penetrate their antiwar organizations and root out the Russian spies who were causing the rebellion. Tellingly, they never found a single spy. The agents also began a campaign of wire-tapping, mail-opening, burglary, deception, intimidation and disruption against thousands of protesting American civilians.

By the time Operation CHAOS wound down in 1973, the CIA had spied on 7,000 Americans, 1,000 organizations and traded information on more than 300,000 persons with various law agencies. (14) When academia learned of this, its outrage grew.

The loss of academia was only the first blow for the CIA. Other disasters quickly followed; in the early 70s, the CIA was trying desperately to stave off a growing number of scandals. The first was Watergate.

The CIA's fingerprints were all over Watergate. First, we should note the CIA had clear motives for helping oust Nixon. He was the ultimate "outsider," a poor California Quaker who grew up feeling bitter resentment towards the elite "Eastern establishment." Nixon, for all his arch-conservatism, was surprisingly liberal on economic issues, enfuriating businessmen with statements like "We are all Keynesians now." He created a whole host of new agencies to regulate business, like the FDA, EPA and OSHA. He signed the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts, which forced businesses to clean up their toxic emissions. He imposed price controls to fight inflation, and took the nation fully off the gold standard. Nixon also strengthened affirmative action. Even his staffers were famously anti-elitist, like Kevin Philips, who would eventually write the bible on inequality during the 1980s, The Politics of Rich and Poor. Add to this Nixon's withdrawal from Vietnam and Détente with China and the Soviet Union. Nixon and his Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, had not only tried to remove control of foreign policy from the CIA, but had also taken measures to bring the CIA itself under control. Not surprisingly, Nixon and his CIA Director, Richard Helms, couldn't stand each other. (Nixon fired him for failing to cover up for Watergate.) Clearly, Nixon was fighting at cross-purposes with the CIA and the nation's elite.


As it turns out, the CIA had inside knowledge of Nixon's dirty work. Nixon had created his own covert action team, "The Committee to Reelect the President," more amusingly known by its acronym, CREEP. The team consisted of two CIA agents E. Howard Hunt and James McCord as well as former FBI agent G. Gordon Liddy. They also employed four Cubans with long CIA histories. In fact, a CIA front called the Mullen Company funded their activities, which ranged from disrupting Democratic campaigns to laundering Nixon's illegal campaign contributions. The CIA not only had intimate knowledge of Nixon's crimes, but it also acted as though it wanted the world to know them. When the FBI began investigating Watergate, Nixon tried using the CIA to cover up for him. At first the CIA half-heartedly complied, telling the FBI that the investigation would endanger CIA operations in Mexico. But a few weeks later it gave the FBI a green light again to proceed again with their investigation.

Furthermore, Watergate was exposed by the CIA's main newspaper in America, The Washington Post. One of the two journalists who investigated the scandal, Robert Woodward, had only recently become a journalist. Previously Woodward had worked as a Naval intelligence liaison to the White House, privy to some of the nation's highest secrets. He would later write a sympathetic portrait of CIA Director Bill Casey in a book entitled Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA. It was Woodward who personally knew and interviewed "Deep Throat," the unnamed source who revealed inside information on Nixon's activities. Many Watergate researchers consider one of Woodward's old intelligence contacts to be a prime candidate for Deep Throat. (15)

Despite all the facts of CIA involvement, Woodward and Bernstein made virtually no mention of the CIA in their Watergate reporting. Even during Senate hearings on Watergate, the CIA somehow managed to stay out of the spotlight. In 1974, the House would clear the CIA of any involvement in Watergate.

The CIA was not as lucky in 1974, when the Senate held hearings on James Jesus Angleton's illegal surveillance of American citizens. These disclosures resulted in his firing. But that was nothing compared to the 1975 Church Committee. This Senate investigation looked into virtually every type of CIA crime, from assassination to secret war to manipulating the domestic media. The "reforms" that resulted from these hearings were mostly cosmetic, but the details that emerged shattered the CIA's reputation forever. Interestingly enough, the two Senators who held these hearings/ Frank Church and Otis Pike, were both defeated for reelection, despite a 98 percent reelection rate for incumbents. The CIA wasn't the only conservative institution that found itself embattled in the early 70s. This was a bad time for conservatives everywhere. America had lost the war in Vietnam. U.S. corporations had to cope with the rise of OPEC. The anti-poverty programs of Roosevelt's New Deal and Johnson's Great Society were causing a major redistribution of wealth. And Nixon was making things worse with his own anti-poverty and regulatory programs. Between 1960 and 1973, these efforts cut poverty in half, from 22 to 11 percent. Meanwhile, between 1965 and 1976, the richest 1 percent had gone from owning 37 percent of America's wealth to only 22 percent. (16)

At a 1973 Conference Board meeting of top American business leaders, executives declared: "We are fighting for our lives," "We are fighting a delaying action," and "If we don't take action now, we will see our own demise. We will evolve into another social democracy." (17)


The CIA to the rescue
In the mid-1970s, at this historic low point in American conservatism, the CIA began a major campaign to turn corporate fortunes around.
They did this in several ways. First, they helped create numerous foundations to finance their domestic operations. Even before 1973, the CIA had co-opted the most famous ones, like the Ford, Rockefeller and Carnegie Foundations. But after 1973, they created more. One of their most notorious recruits was billionaire Richard Mellon Scaife. During World War II, Scaife's father served in the OSS, the forerunner of the CIA. By his mid-twenties, both of Scaife's parents had died, and he inherited a fortune under four foundations: the Carthage Foundation, the Sarah Scaife Foundation, the Scaife Family Foundations and the Allegheny Foundation. In the early 1970s, Scaife was encouraged by CIA agent Frank Barnett to begin investing his fortune to fight the "Soviet menace." (1 From 1973 to 1975, Scaife ran Forum World Features, a foreign news service used as a front to disseminate CIA propaganda around the world. Shortly afterwards he began donating millions to fund the New Right.

Scaife's CIA roots are typical of those who head the new conservative foundations. By 1994 the most active were: Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation Carthage Foundation Earhart Foundatio
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This article appears in the May 2, 2008 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
The United States Is at War
With the British Empire
by John Hoefle

[PDF version of this article]

The United States is in a war against the British Empire, a war over the future of our nation and the future of the planet. Under the onslaught of Anglo-Dutch Liberal geopolitics, war, pestilence, famine, and death are spreading across the globe. Nations are being destabilized, populations are being destroyed, civilization itself is dying. It is deliberate, it is genocidal, and it is the policy of the British Empire.

This is a war of ideas, a war over the ideas which will determine the nature of the political system which will dominate the planet in the wake of the worst financial collapse in history. What the British Empire offers is a Malthusian world of resource shortages, austerity, and apocalyptic population reduction, ruled by fascist bankers and corporate cartels. What the United States—that is, the American System of political economy—offers, is scientific and technological breakthroughs which will transform our economy and bring prosperity and freedom to all. The British would take us back to the failed models of the past, which produced misery for the vast majority of the world's people, while a return to the American System would raise the standards of living both here and abroad, and usher in a new era of peace, prosperity, and stability.

Such optimism seems almost out of place in today's world, where fear is used to manipulate the public into surrendering its freedom, where new technologies are mainly used for social control and warfare, where science is generally portrayed as a danger to mankind. Many among us have become little, rabbits cowering in our holes, hoping to avoid the attention of predators. The nation that once saw its mission as bringing freedom to the world, has become defensive, hunkered down against imagined threats, destroying ourselves in the vain attempt to save the fictitious wealth of a small slice of our population, by throwing the rest to the wolves. We have, at least those in our upper class, become that which we fought a revolution against.

Fascism on the Rise
Under our Constitution, the citizens rule, their views mediated through elected representatives, within the framework of the Preamble. Government is the servant of the people. We all know it doesn't work that way anymore, that government increasingly sees itself as the ruler of the people, the shepherd who herds and harvests his flock. This disconnect has been increasingly apparent under Vice President Dick Cheney and President George Bush, who have overseen the greatest buildup of a police-state apparatus in our nation's history. Citizens are now routinely spied upon through a growing network of computer tracking and video cameras, subjected to indignities at airports, their movements, purchases, and preferences stored in massive databases, from which dossiers can be produced as desired. We are told repeatedly that this is for our own protection, that we have nothing to fear if we have nothing to hide—but that is a lie. We are being led down the road to fascism, and we know it.

Far from being an American phenomenon, fascism is the policy of the British Empire and the international financial oligarchy which runs it. It is this apparatus which produced Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler as political frontmen—in the same way it produced Al Gore—as figureheads for a bankers' dictatorship. Fascism allows private financier and corporate interests to control a nation by corrupting its government and turning it against its people. That is an apt description of the British Empire, of the United States under Bush and Cheney, and of Europe under the planned Lisbon Treaty.

The model for the modern police state is Britain, which has been turned into a surveillance society, with cameras everywhere, extensive tracking of personal activities, and a security apparatus which routinely ignores basic human rights. This is what has been, and is being, implemented in the United States, and in other nations. These steps are taken, we are told, to protect us from terrorists who, like the bogeyman, are everywhere: under the bed, in the closet, hidden in the shadows, just waiting to strike. Behind the psychological warfare, the real target of these policies is the population itself. The question to ask is: What do they have planned for us that requires these extraordinary powers?

Falling Apart
Civilization itself is disintegrating, with financial collapse, economic collapse, political paralysis, wars, famine, crises in every corner of the globe. The world is sliding into a new Dark Age.

The financial crisis is growing, as the effects of the bankruptcy of the financial system eat their way through the institutions. Reports of multi-billion-dollar losses are now routine, but virtually meaningless, since the actual losses are orders of magnitude greater, and the institutions are already dead, zombies kept seemingly alive through accounting and regulatory fraud.

Despite the extraordinary injections of money by the Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, and others, the banking crisis is getting worse by the day. The failure of the private German Düsseldorfer Hypobank, reflects the spreading of the crisis into a new layer of institutions; it failed not because of its own actions, but because the markets in which it operated are evaporating. In the United States, the multi-billion-dollar capital injections at Wachovia, National City Corp., and Washington Mutual reflect a similar problem. Though manifested as losses at individual institutions, the crisis is caused by the financial system itself shutting down. What we have seen thus far is mainly the writedowns of the valuations of securities for which markets no longer exist, with much bigger losses to come as the number of bankruptcy filings and defaults grows. This is inevitable, since the system which supported these institutions no longer exists.

The speculative parasites will not give up easily, as their demands for bailouts and their criminal speculation in food and energy show. The idea of condemning millions, if not billions of people to starvation in the name of profit shows the monstrous immorality of the people who engage in such activity and of the governments which permit it.

The oil market plays a crucial role in this. With the oil hoaxes of the 1970s, the spot market was created, which, in turn, created a huge pool of dollars centered around the London-based international oil cartel. Through this mechanism, the U.S. government essentially lost control of the dollar, which became a weapon for a speculative assault on the U.S.A. Today, the market price for oil is not set by OPEC, but by the financial markets, which take an increasing cut of the money people pay for gasoline and diesel fuel. OPEC, it should be noted, was created by the big oil companies, modelled on the Texas Railroad Commission's role in setting production quotas as a way of supporting oil prices in the early 1900s, when Texas was the world's leading oil producer. It is the big oil companies of the London-centered oil cartel, and not OPEC, which controls the oil business, and which is, in turn, an arm of the financial oligarchy.

The political paralysis in Washington and other capitals is also reflective of this global breakdown. The Bush Administration is beyond dysfunctional, while the Congressional Democrats under House Speaker Nancy Pelosi have abdicated the responsibilities for which they were elected, and are pushing their own flavor of fascism under the guise of Al Gore's global warming hoax. Both sides are pushing policies which will destroy the nation, under the direction of, and for the benefit of, the British Empire.

The Obama campaign is yet another reflection of the decay of the nation, with its empty rhetoric. Obama is being marketed as a celebrity, a sort of rock star, or perhaps a brand of toothpaste, all style and no substance. His mantra of change actually draws attention away from the crucial issues which should be discussed by any serious Presidential candidate. The Obama campaign is a giant, manufactured distraction designed to keep reality out of the Presidential race.

Cui Bono?
Some of this may seem far afield in what is ostensibly an economics article, but it is not. We could provide reams of material on losses, the comments of the financial pundits, and more statistics than one could shake a stick at, but it would all be irrelevant. The real issue here is who benefits? Who benefitted from the creation of the largest financial bubble in history, and who benefits from its collapse? The simple answer to both questions is the British Empire, which used its financial power and agents inside the United States to turn the U.S. economy from an industrial power into a casino, and is now using the collapse of that casino to destroy the U.S., and the nation-state system. This financial collapse, combined with the disastrous neocon American Empire fantasy pushed by Cheney and Bush, and the fascist policies of the Pelosi Democrats, have neutralized the ability of the United States to have a positive impact on the world, leaving the field wide open for the Brutish Empire and its fascist stooges.

The British rule by what Lyndon LaRouche termed "the tyranny of stupidity," of subjugating people by making them too stupid to understand how they are being manipulated. It works, but only if you let it. This tyranny can be easily defeated by having the courage to put aside fears and think. In this war of ideas, we have the upper hand, if we use it. Only then will we have an economy to talk about.
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This article appears in the May 9, 2008 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
A Crude Game: Paying
For Our Own Destruction
by John Hoefle

The use of petroleum as a weapon by the British Empire has been a key feature of the oil business since its beginning. The original oil fields, in Pennsylvania and Texas in the United States, and in Russia, were taken over by British-allied interests, whose initial interest in oil was as fuel for a new and more powerful navy, in preparation for World War I. As the world industrialized, oil became even more important, and the control of oil assumed even greater importance for the British.

The history of oil is one of deception and manipulation, of the creation of giant cartels and front groups to hide imperial machinations. From the beginning, the vast wealth of the oligarchy, channeled through the City of London, was used to buy up the oil fields and suppress competition. Royal Dutch Shell took control of the Russian oil fields; the Anglo-Persian oil company, today known as BP, took control of fields in the Middle East; and John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil dominated the oil business in the United States. These companies, or their descendants, still control the world's oil markets. There is no such thing as a "free market" in oil, and there never has been.

There are, today, three layers of control over oil. The first is OPEC, the organization of major oil-producing countries, which was a creation by the British, the purpose of which is both to set a floor under the price, and to provide a convenient scapegoat. The second layer is the international oil cartel, the oil companies that control the refining, distribution, and sale of petroleum products around the world. The third layer is the spot market, which sets the so-called "market" price. The oil cartel controls the oil business itself, while the spot market is a creature of the financial markets. By controlling all three layers, the British Empire exerts effective control over the oil market, while hiding behind the skirts of OPEC and Big Oil.

Through the control of both the supply and price of oil, the British Empire has been able to exert tremendous power over the world. With the rise of the spot market, and the consequent petrodollar market, the British now exert more control over the dollar than does the U.S. government, and we are all suffering the consequences.

The Oil Cartel
To many, the phrase "oil cartel" brings to mind the Organization of Petroleum Countries, or OPEC. OPEC was founded in 1960 by five countries—Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Venezuela—and later joined by nine others—Qatar, Indonesia, Libya, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Nigeria, Ecuador, Angola, and Gabon. Its headquarters was initially in Geneva, Switzerland, but moved to Vienna, Austria in 1965.

OPEC was a British creation, a way of keeping the oil-producing nations in line, and creating a uniform oil price for the benefit of the oil companies. It was based upon the Texas Railroad Commission, a state agency created in 1891 to protect the operations of the British-linked Harriman railroad operations in Texas. With the discovery of oil in Texas in 1901, that state became a major producer of oil, and in 1919, the Railroad Commission was given authority to "regulate" oil. Texas Gov. Ross Sterling, one of the founders of Humble Oil & Refining, and a former chairman of that company, sent the Texas National Guard into the oilfields in 1931 to enforce production quotas on behalf of Big Oil, with the Railroad Commission given the power to set the quotas. Limiting production is a way of controlling the price, so OPEC was actually a global version of the oil cartel's price-fixing mechanism in Texas.

As many an oil producer has learned to his dismay, having oil in the ground means little if you lack the ability to transport that oil to a refinery. Many drillers and oil producers have gone bankrupt because they could not afford the infrastructure needed to make use of the oil they owned, and the oil cartel, with its deep pockets, was always ready to take advantage by buying them out at pennies on the dollar.

The same situation holds true for the OPEC nations, which have the oil but no way to distribute it. From the imperial perspective, the oil underneath these nations belongs to the Empire, and the nations are effectively treated as subsidiaries of the oil cartel. The elites in these nations are permitted to get fabulously wealthy, but they are not permitted to develop national industrial economies. Those nations which violate this policy, such as Iraq and Iran, are treated harshly.

The oil cartel is centered around three companies—Royal Dutch Shell, Anglo-Persian, and Standard Oil—and their descendants. After the breakup of Standard Oil in 1911 into 34 separate companies, the oil industry restructured, resulting in what became over time, the Seven Sisters—Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon, BP, Texaco, Socal (now Chevron), Mobil, and Gulf—with Exxon, Mobil and SoCal all descended from Standard Oil. In more recent times this power has been consolidated, with the mergers of Exxon and Mobil, and Chevron with Gulf and then Texaco. BP acquired both Amoco (another Standard spinoff) and Atlantic Richfield, making it a major power in the U.S., just like Shell. Today six "supermajors"—Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Chevron, Conoco Phillips, and the French Total—dominate the world oil market.

Oil Hoaxes
Up until the 1970s, the oil market was relatively stable, with the big oil companies buying oil from the producing countries at fixed prices over long-term contracts. This stability was useful for the economy and beneficial for all parties concerned, but it was not to last. The British Empire was preparing an assault on the United States, in which oil would play a key role.

The Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur War in 1973 led to an Arab boycott of Britain and the U.S.A., which, at least nominally, led to the suspension of Arab oil sales to those countries. As a flank on the boycott, a "spot market" was set up in Rotterdam whereby Arabian oil could be sold to buyers from the blacklisted companies—at a substantial markup in price, of course. This spot market was the beginning of today's highly destructive and manipulated oil market. The price of oil jumped from $3.50 a barrel before the war to $10 a barrel at the beginning of the following year.

The next big oil shock came in 1979, with the overthrow of the Shah of Iran, and the consequent disruption of oil flows. The price of oil shot even higher, from some $19 a gallon in mid-1979 to nearly $40 a gallon by March/April 1980.

Like the 1973/74 event, the 1979 oil crisis was a hoax, designed to expand the role of the spot market as a way of jacking up the price of oil. In the U.S., we were inundated with the idea that oil was in short supply, creating serious shortages of gasoline. The TV broadcasts showed videos of long lines at the gas pumps, but it soon became apparent to careful viewers that the locations were changing every week, that the oil companies were putting on a traveling roadshow. This author, then in Houston and working for Shell, remembers how there were no shortages in Houston until the roadshow came to town—it was our week to be on the news—and then the show moved on, and things returned to normal. At about the same time, a local reporter interviewed the chief of the Shell refinery, who said that his refinery had all the oil it could process, and had tankers waiting in line to unload. The shortage was manipulated, a complete hoax.

British Geopolitics
Such hoaxes could never be run by the oil companies alone, and they weren't. While these hoaxes had the effect of sharply raising oil prices, that was only part of the game. The real game was reshaping the world, starting with the United States. The combination of higher oil prices, with oil purchases denominated in dollars, and the spot-market pricing mechanism, caused huge pools of "petrodollars" to build up in Europe, giving the British Empire a huge war chest with which to launch an assault on the United States and the rest of the world. With President Nixon's effective destruction of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates in 1971, currencies were allowed to float, making them subject to manipulation, and the spot market provided the funds for imperial currency warfare. The petrodollars, and to a lesser extent, their cousins, the dope dollars, allowed the British Empire to control the global dollar-based system. With the spot market, oil had become the vehicle for the British Empire to assert its will over the planet.

Today, this oil-price mechanism is being used to steal money out of the pockets of the world's population, in order to fund the completion of the British Empire's plan to use the financial crisis to finally sink the nation-states, including the United States. The same is true for food prices, and with every trip to the grocery store or the gas station, we are being looted to feed this evil scheme.

Civilization itself is in a breakdown crisis, a death spiral which can only be broken by sovereign nations acting to put the global financial system into bankruptcy, LaRouche's program can stop this imperial assault dead in its tracks, and start the process of rebuilding the productivity of the economy, and the prosperity of the people. There will be no recovery without these steps, only a further descent into Hell.
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Ayatollahs’ Iran: a Nationalistic Theocracy as Freemasonic Machination
Saturday 22 December 2007, by M. Shamsaddin Megalommatis

The current theocratic and utterly unrepresentative regime of Iran was not the choice of the peoples and nations of Iran. The events that triggered the fall of Shah and the return of Ayatollah Khomeini were all machinated by an Apostate Freemasonic Lodge that controls part of the French and the English establishments and through them part of the American establishment.


The danger that the late Shah of Iran represented for their eschatological plans was absolutely tremendous. This does not imply that they intended to help establish a pseudo-Shia theocracy in Iran; simply they were not able to completely control the developments. As a matter of fact, the late Shah intended to modernize, industrialize and westernize Iran in the 70s; one could compare his attempt to that of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Turkey, 50 years earlier.

A strong Iran next to a strong Turkey is enough to make the Anglo-French colonial establishments spend years without an easy sleep. Although this would look good for Western geo-political and geo-strategic interests, particularly in containing Tsarist Russia / USSR / Putin’s oligarchy, in real terms of Western Freemasonic conspiracy in the Middle East it is abominable because it would hinder all Freemasonic plans and projects for the Middle East, the area of their primary concern par excellence.


Mossadegh received by Truman
Mossadegh was a Freemason Islamist. His supporters became later the supporters of Khomeyni and founders of the Islamic regime.It sounds awkward but it is absolutely real: the late Shah of Iran tried with a delay of 17 years (as of 1970) to implement the basic concepts of the Iranian nationalistic policies of Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, a great Iranian statesman whom the Freemasonic mass media of the West did their ingenious best to defame and ridicule, while falsely portraying him as … related to the Iranian Communist party! [In fact, Mohamad Mossadegh was himself a Freemason and an Islamist. His so-called nationalism was no more than an International-Islamism inspired by Freemasonry — Fravahr] When Madeleine Albright, decades later, admitted that the Eisenhower administration was involved in the Operation Ajax that ended with the Mossadegh’s removal, she did not state any other reason except geopolitical considerations. In fact, these considerations were Freemasonic eschatological approaches to the Middle East, covered by English economic interests, and involved volumes of falsified information produced in order to mislead the gullible and deeply unaware American establishment — through use of pro-English agents who were active in Washington D.C.

The Shah himself must have felt in the early and mid 70s how right Mohammed Mossadegh was. In his last days in Tehran, the Shah must have also remembered his father’s last days in the throne, when in September 1941 the English had forced him to abdicate in favour of his young son, as they could not accept Iran’s neutrality in WW II.

The Freemasonic anti-Iranian conspiracy played on the Iranian peoples’ feelings against the Shah, and involved the return of Ayatollah Khomeini who had spent some months in France. In fact, the Apostate Freemasonic Lodge pushed to the political forefront Iranians who had already lived and studied in France where they had become Freemasons, like Mehdi Bazargan, Khomeini’s first Prime Minister, and Abolhassan Banisadr, the first Iranian President. They were joined in their effort to canalize the Iranian Revolution by Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, who had studied in America, and had travelled with Ayatollah Khomeini from Paris to Tehran on February 1st 1979 to become later Foreign Minister (after Banisadr) and then be arrested and executed (September 1982) as betrayed by President George H. W. Bush. After 1983, Freemasonic influence on Iranian policies has been indirect.

Indirect manipulation involves the mental, spiritual, philosophical, ideological, and therefore political engulfment of the targeted establishment into erroneous perception of the present realities and the future targets of the Apostate Freemasonic Lodge within a context that can be rather parallelized with an iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma.

Shia Eschatology in contrast with Freemasonic Messianism

Worship of Isis
Freemasonic ritual as on the walls of the Isiac Freemasonic Lodge (Temple of Isis) at Pompeii.

The worship of Isis is depicted in this wall-painting from Herculaneum. The high priest stands at the entrance to the temple and looks down on the ceremony beneath him, which is supervised by priests with shaven heads.
In the case of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Freemasonic establishment’s arsenal reaches its limits. Drawing from a late Sassanid Zervanism that survived within Shia Islam since the early days of the Islamic conquest of Iran (636: Sassanid defeat at Qadisiyah, 641 Sassanid defeat at Nihavent, 651: arrival of Islamic armies at Merv in Central Asia), Shia Eschatology evolves around the prevalence of Time as determinant element in the Mystic History of the Mankind; this is utterly alien to Western Freemasonic dogmas and doctrines that draw from Late Antiquity’s Gnosticisms, Hermetism, and Messianic Isidism.

With Khomeini’s doctrine based on the termination of the Ghaybah (“Occultation”) of the Shia Islamic Twelfth Imam (the Shia version of the Messiah) by means of the Islamic Republic of Iran, we reach one step closer to what is called in Islam Al Yom al Ahar (“the End of Time”).

Despite the fact that Iran and most of the Islamic World are engulfed in ignorance and confusion due to the academic systems that Freemasonic Europe produced to facilitate the advent of the Freemasonic Messianic, namely the Hellenism, the Orientalism, the Pan-Arabism, and the (Sunni) Islamism, the Shia establishment of Iran, sticking to the completion of the work initiated by Ayatollah Khomeini, have little chance to be misguided and deceived.

Contrarily to the Freemasonic concept of a Horus — Messiah, creation of Isis (as Freemasonry is symbolized within the Freemasonic eschatological doctrine), a Zervan — Twelfth Imam hinges on the absorption of all into a New Aeon with little concern about an Elected People to be saved.

Contrarily to a Horus — Victorious King and Pacifier, the concept of Zervan — Twelfth Imam involves the liberation of every person from the negative energy therein encrusted through various ways; as Zervan Akarana promises a monstrous appearance, yet able to embody the Loftiest of the Divine, the Shia Islamic Twelfth Imam promises no peace and no return for any elected people, but heralds the miraculous transformation of the miserable into luminous sources in the present world (after Al Yom al Ahar) and the Hereafter (Al Yom al Qiyamah).

There is certainly a Manichaean influence on the late Sassanid Zervanism (and through this system on the Shia Islam) but the Western stern rejection of Manichaeism proliferated only confusion and dire practices among the Apostate Freemasons. In fact, the Freemasonic Apostasy is a repetition of an earlier Apostasy that took place in the Late Antiquity, and caused the disastrous descent into the Middle Ages.

Unable to transcend, the Apostate Freemasonic Lodge seems set for disastrous developments that will now cover the entire surface of the Earth. Determined to continue an evil process started by Napoleon and sped up by Edmund Allenby, the Apostate Freemasonic Lodge seems today unable to perceive the impending domino effect that will ensue from an attack on Iran.

The Apostate Lodge machinated the Anglo-French colonialism in order to create a false and precarious Israel (for Jews, not Israelites), thus exterminate both Jews and Palestinians (after a supposed final peace), and then set up a true Israel able to accommodate the migrating — because of expected ominous natural phenomena — English, Irish, Scots, French, Belgian, Dutch, and Scandinavians (namely the true descendants of the Ten Tribes of Israel).

That final Israel that would span between the rivers Euphrates (Assyria) and Nile (Egypt) may simply never come to existence because of the rise of a New Era for the Middle East triggered by an attack on Iran.

The Advent of the End of Time
If Ahmadinejad referred to Mahdi’s advent (which means automatically the End of Time) already in his first speech at the UN (in September 2005), what happened meanwhile that indicates that by now an apocalyptic scenario would follow an American attack on Iran? Why what could happen in March 2006 should not occur in December 2007?

The answer to such a question is at the same time a full response to a great number of eschatological interpretations. The History of the Mankind can also be viewed as a History of missed opportunities. More recently, after 2001, to give an example, the US could have pacified Iraq, if they had the knowledge and the courage to do what it would take. Simply, they were either unaware or misled. Usually, to know how a solution can be found to a historical — political problem, one has to transcend; this mainly means that one has to see the problem in question as a non-problem, or place it within wider frame, or view it through different standpoints, or apply all these methods. Basically, a historical — political problem’s solution involves the non-consideration of a part’s interests.

An answer to the aforementioned question is at the same time a complete rejection of numerous approaches to historical texts of eschatological contents. As a matter of fact, there has always been a vast interpretational literature of the Prophetic books of the Bible, of the Revelation, of the Apocalyptic Hadith, and of the eschatological traditions of various peoples from India to Mexico. With the inception of the web, and the rise of spiritual interest in a post-Communist world, the interpretational interest only multiplied. Specifications and clarifications about the time of the arrival of Mahdi, the Messiah, Jesus as Islamic Prophet, Jesus as Christ of the Christian religion, etc. can be found in great number.

All these approaches emanate from a world plunged into the swamp of Time, a world whereby all people take for granted that Time exists. Yet, the Mankind existed for several thousands of years without shaping the concept of Time. For many great thinkers and wise elders in Sumer, Akkad, Egypt, Assyria and Babylon, Hittite Anatolia, and Biblical Israel, Time simply did not exist. The interaction of Being and Becoming was perceived completely differently, particularly by peoples who used the same word for “day” and “time” (e.g. umu in Assyrian — Babylonian). In a world viewed, perceived, sensed, and experienced diachronically, there is little place for fanaticism and empathy, as all reflect an eternal recapitulation of everything.

In that world, great diachronic (and therefore apocalyptic and eschatological) Epics were compiled for a first and original occasion, and their elements, data, concepts and details were later diffused among later epics, mythical texts and apocalyptic literature. As a matter of fact, there is nothing original that was not already said before Moses. To give an example, it is sheer ignorance for anyone to believe that the concept of the Antichrist goes as back as the Revelation and Daniel.

More than 1500 years before the Revelation, for the Anatolian Hittites the Antichrist (Ullikummi) would rise from the Sea. The author of the Revelation reassessed the same topic, adding only an effort of identification of the Messiah (Tasmisu for the Ancient Hittites — Jesus as Christ for the Christians). More than 2000 years before Isaiah, the concept of the Messiah existed in the Egyptian Heliopolitan Doctrine.

Viewing the present world through the eyes of an Egyptian, Assyrian or Hittite erudite scholar would offer a completely different perspective, and certainly more authoritative as emanating from a diachronic consideration of the Mankind’s and the World’s existence. In most of the cases, this was avoided because of the salacity of Western Orientalists, who instead of serving truth, did promote preconceived ideas either of Freemasonic or Christian Catholic nature. What would destroy pillars of their false faiths had to be covered by silence; this is the “veracity” of the Western universities’ professors.

2007: A Changed World and Iran
In fact, many things have changed over the past 21 months; they are not easily visible to average people and supposed leaders. Even worse, it seems that they are not ostensible to panicked establishments and elites either.

Losing a unique opportunity to be the sole superpower and thus accomplish the wishes of the Founding Fathers, the US will have to become familiar with the reality of a multi-polar world.

If we exclude the nonsensical nuclear mutual destruction, which will be always a possibility, as long as nuclear weapons exist, America’s interests can be hit at any moment. America lost considerably because America allied itself with the only country they should never work together: England.

Discrediting America, exposing the US, while mobilizing others’ forces to contain America and finally avert a long perspective Pax Americana, England convinced the US leadership to pursue the only way that can truly damage the US interests: action against the Moral Principles that the Founding Fathers stipulated so clearly for the then young and promising, Anti-Colonial, nation that would diffuse Freedom, Justice and Democracy to the rest of the world.

The US leadership failed to assess that it would be detrimental to pursue after 1991 immoral practices employed at the times of the Cold War. The policy of double standards (two measures and two weights) would convince all possible adversaries that the US represents a threat, and would mobilize many against America. The enumeration could be very long.

Vice-president Cheney’s trip to Saudi Arabia in November 2006 was certainly taken very seriously by the Iranians — within eschatological context, I mean. The Islamic Messiah will certainly exterminate a cursed, Satanic regime in charge of Haramayn, the two holy cities of Mekka and Madinah.

One would not ask America to believe the Islamic eschatological literature; but one would anticipate America to take it into account, and shape its policy accordingly. The rest is just inane.

Saudi Arabia cannot exist — if Israel is to survive!
It was a pathetic American effort to continue English Colonial policies of division and strife in the Middle East; these policies targeting the existence of the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Iran, if pursued by America, against Turkey and Iran, can guarantee the total disaster of America.

Yet, Prof. Huntington, in a moment of truth, exposed the truth plainly, when he attributed the Islamic Extremism and Terrorism to the lack of a core State for the Muslim world. This was precisely the work of the Anglo-French Apostate Freemasonic Lodge that we already mentioned. America should not be confused with the Anglo-French secondary conflicts, as highlighted by the San Remo arguments between Clemenceau and Lloyd George.

For America’s interests to prevail, for the present state of Israel to survive, for a solution of the quasi-permanent Palestinian problem to be found, America should avoid any direct interference in the affairs of the Muslim World.

Any US attack against Iran would trigger an unexpected and unsuspected reaction that would certainly have a lot to do with Islamic eschatological expectations.

The explosion would immediately bring in other, sizeable, non-Islamic countries that are ready for a severe collapse of the present global economic structures, as their economies are better suited for barter trade. These countries would not necessarily help Iran militarily; they would simply make impossible for America to sustain the cost of a conflict spanning from Yemen and Israel to Afghanistan and Pakistan, at a moment Saudi and Emirati oilfields would not be anymore functional.

America should keep itself outside the Muslim World, and following the instructions of Prof. Huntington, help (with the cooperation of Israel) the rise of a core Muslim country in the Middle East that would eradicate the nefarious colonial deeds of the Apostate Freemasonic Lodge.

This country should be a secular and humanist, democratic country that would be committed to the elimination of Pan-Arabism and Islamic Extremism. To support the rise of a vast Oriental State, America should fervently oppose France and England.

This would redraw the map of the Middle East, but ultimately save the present state Israel, offer peace to the Palestinians, and grant concord to the other Middle Eastern countries. Only a vast Oriental State would have no problem in containing Iran and outmanoeuvring the Ayatollah regime.

Otherwise the Death will hit America — in an irrevocable and precipitated way.

Europe would be affected too; and that Apostate Freemasonic Lodge would be severely persecuted in a new — unrecognizable — Europe ruled by a new Iron Man of the North
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